4. HIP objectives
To catalyse efforts and provide operational support at country level towards the implementation of the GSPA from a public health perspective, focusing on specific local needs and visions.
The project aims to support countries towards implementing the GSPA and strengthening their knowledge and capacity related to needs-driven health innovation and access to essential medical products, through country focused analysis and the development of the necessary resources and the appropriate decision-making and coordination mechanisms that will secure national stewardship of the processes.
Specific objectives and lines of action
To facilitate the dissemination of knowledge and the creation of conditions for securing governments’ stewardship of the GSPA implementation, in response to countries’ self-defined research and access needs.
Pilot projects will be set up with 2 to 3 interested countries to design and test the proposed approach, start facilitating the development of national mechanisms (innovation and access platforms) and to help document methodologies of national analysis, priority setting, planning, implementation and monitoring.
Intervention 1.1: setting up an appropriate process, starting with needs-based assessment and priority setting
Implementing the GSPA is a government-driven process that requires political commitment and vision, as well as management skills in bringing together all relevant stakeholders. Governments need to put in place proper mechanisms to that end, at the national and regional level . Regional endeavors aimed to promote needs-driven health innovation will facilitate the distribution of essential health knowledge and complement individual governments’ efforts. The creation of such mechanisms at the regional level is also a public good.
The present project intends to support governments in several pilot countries (2- 3 to start off with, according to available resources) for initiating and developing such mechanisms.
Experienced facilitators will assist in:
- Fostering preliminary strategic thinking by facilitating an initial meeting with front line people/ key players/prime movers, to kick off the vision and relevant country processes;
- Identifying, contacting and mobilising focal points and key resource persons at national level;
- Establishing a national platform for GSPA implementation, with appropriate leadership, membership criteria and a defined set of principles such as inclusiveness, transparency and accountability;
- Defining a national process and its key steps from landscaping and situation analysis to priority setting, and all the ensuing strategic steps that are deemed relevant for the health innovation plan at country level. This also encompasses the setting up of a monitoring and evaluation approach, in line with the directions set up by the GSPA;
- Documenting the country’s internal process and reporting on major achievements and constraints.
Intervention 1.2: mentoring and networking
The support provided to countries throughout their process of planning, documenting and monitoring of the GSPA implementation will include networking and bridging connections with most relevant partners, with training offers, with donors and other supporters.
Upon request, small multi-sectorial teams of advisers will accompany the country through crucial steps of its own process. The project will rely as much as possible on existing expertise in developing countries, with a view to increase relevance of inputs and South-South collaboration and exchanges. This exercise demands specific knowledge and technical expertise in such areas as epidemiological analysis, priority setting, health systems strengthening, cultural and social acceptability issues, IP management, regulatory capacity, appropriate drug procurement mechanisms, rational use of medicines, sustainable financing, etc...
Intervention 1.3: producing and testing supportive tools
A variety of key tools will have to be created to support the national processes of analysis and priority setting of GSPA implementation steps, which will be tested and incrementally improved throughout the process in the pilot countries. Among others, the project proposes to develop:
- A Reference package: including key global, regional and national policy and strategic documents; opinion papers on key topics of interest; technical reference documents; relevant experiences and lessons learnt.
- A Process outline – including visuals – describing the sequence of key stages throughout the process of analysis, planning and implementation. It will be supplemented with specific additional instruments for key steps during the course of the project, as needed.
- A diversified resource pool, including access to significant specialised expertise, sources of information and knowledge, training opportunities, and a contact list of relevant actors, informants, practitioners and experts.
To promote and support the building up of a civil society platform as a dynamic network of national and regional civil society actors, with a view to increase their access to information, and foster the sharing of lessons learnt, processes and tools. This aims to enhance and profile civil society contributions towards the implementation of the GSPA and to improve accountability.
Scoping and establishing initial contacts so as to stimulate conceptual thinking about the platform and its characteristics – including guiding principles and functions – with a few key NGOs in pilot countries and beyond. A special effort will be made to reach out to NGOS with a diversity of expertise, including in public health, traditional medicine, social issues, R&D, economy, intellectual property, gender, to name a few.
The purpose of this first step is twofold: 1) to test out the idea and examine it in view of local NGOs expectations, and see how the proposed platform can be best designed to respond to their articulated demands; and 2) to increase the awareness of local NGOs regarding the GSPA and its relevance for them, their mission, objectives and work and stimulate the collection of experiences and knowledge sharing.
Recruiting a focal point for the NGO platform who will develop the concept and criteria, based on first reactions and suggestions collected; and who will follow up on initial contacts and emerging partnerships.
The focal point will manage the incremental development of the platform, depending on the information collected, the response and level of involvement of local and regional NGOs. The evolving process of the platform will be dynamic, so as to reach out to other circles and decentralised experiences that tend to remain unknown (micro-projects, community-based organisations, grey literature).
A proper access policy will be defined in order to ensure the desirable level of engagement of the various NGOs interested in the local GSPA implementation. The idea is to get an incremental enrolment in the platform and thus create a community of practice, a virtual core group that will support and stir the process of exchange of information and collective learning of the NGO community. This should grant coherence in the exchange of information and experiences, and the sharing of relevant knowledge. Ultimately, the platform should become “the voice of the public health community for the GSPA”.
To create a virtual resource and knowledge-sharing centre for health innovation on GSPA implementation, facilitating both global and local dialogue as well as two-ways exchange between the two levels. It will focus on health innovation in practice.
The first step is to create a virtual reference centre where information on various aspects of the GSPA essential for implementation at national level is available and accessible all in one place. This information platform will be static as a start but the mid-term objective is to make it dynamic, with regular contributions and updates by various stakeholders on their experiences and lessons learnt while implementing the GSPA.
Several information and advocacy tools can be attached to the resource centre, for example
- A newsletter/ bulletin “Health innovation in practice”
It would include: information on relevant events, initiatives and activities; opinion pieces, open to all contradictory opinions (for instance as an amplifier for the “voice of the community for the GSPA); calls for proposals, etc...
- cross links to various relevant web-sites, giving access to additional, more specific information on innovation, access, prices, research, political negotiations, new policies, new laws, etc.. , both from national, regional and international level, allowing to make comparisons when tracking a variety of partners and experiences
- guidelines and reference documents: as it develops, the resource centre will provide access to newly developed tools and adaptation of existing tools to countries and other stakeholders’ needs.